Journal of Applied Philosophy. All major Islamic sects forbid homosexualitywhich is a Most gays and lesbians have experienced some form of homophobia under Sharia Law and treated as such in most Muslim countries. This critical positioning opens a new field of research for the humanities, especially in the fields of education and psychology, which in different historical moments worked on the intensification of prejudice against people who, for whatever reason, did not conform to normativities of gender and sexual identity.
Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy.
Social stigma and the self: Meanings, situations, and self-esteem. Christianity, social tolerance, and homosexuality: Gay people in Western Europe from the beginning of the Christian era to the fourteenth century. Annual Review of Psychology.
This can result in publication bias, which overestimates the effects in the research synthesis Begg, It is important, therefore, to interpret results of meta-analyses with caution and a critical perspective Shapiro, It is plausible that cultural differences between LGB and heterosexual individuals cause a response bias that led to overestimation of mental disorders among LGB individuals.
Psychotherapeutic implications of internalized homophobia in gay men. For example, many studies used samples of youth recruited from social service organizations, who may be more vulnerable than the general population of LGB youth to mental health problems Muehrer, Sexual orientation in adolescents who commit suicide.
Studies show that gay men who have good social support—from family, friends, and the wider gay community—have:. European Journal of Public Health.
These theorists have argued that a person who expresses homophobic thoughts and feelings does so not only to communicate their beliefs about the class of gay people, but also to distance themselves from this class and its social status. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy.
As for those who experienced homophobic victimization and thought of killing themselves, we found that 13 Homophobic teasing, psychological outcomes, and sexual orientation among high school students: What influence to parents and schools have?
We believe this is a challenge and a political cause to be embraced in the direction of a society that respects human rights and citizenship, including sexual rights Conselho,